Linn Boyd Home

Historical Marker #1105 in McCracken County marks the place where Kentucky politician Linn Boyd's home stood. Boyd, who moved to Paducah in 1852, built this brick home and called it Oaklands.

Boyd was born in Nashville, Tennessee, on November 22, 1800. Shortly after his birth, Boyd's family moved to what is now Trigg County. With little schooling, Boyd grew up as a laborer. At seventeen years old, however, he worked closely with Andrew Jackson, negotiating with the Chickasaw Indians for what would become the Jackson Purchase. In 1826, he moved to a farm in Calloway County and was elected to the Kentucky legislature the following year.

Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1835, he served one term until he was unseated in 1837, when the Whigs swept the state. The Democrats regained control of the 1st District in Kentucky and Boyd was again elected to the House, where he served from 1839 to 1855, sometimes running for reelection without opposition.

A staunch supporter of Andrew Jackson, Boyd took an active part in the annexation of Texas after the Mexican-American War. Additionally, although often overlooked with most of the credit given to Henry Clay, Boyd was instrumental in the Compromise of 1850. Clay and Boyd were both committed to Southern rights but insisted on maintaining the Union. As a result of his efforts in the Compromise of 1850, Boyd was elected Speaker of the House from 1851 to 1855. In 1856, he was the favorite for the vice-presidency but was unsuccessful. Three years later, he was elected lieutenant-governor of Kentucky, to serve with Governor Beriah Magoffin.

In December 1859, Boyd died after complications of inflamed kidneys at Oaklands in Paducah. He was elected lieutenant-governor but died before he could fill the position. At the onset of the Civil War, Magoffin increasingly became more unpopular in Kentucky and he offered to resign his position. However, because of Boyd’s death, the next in line to become governor was John Fisk, the Senate Speaker, who Magoffin would not allow to succeed him. Magoffin agreed to resign if James Robinson was elected Speaker over Fisk, which would put Robinson in line for the governorship. This was done and in August of 1862, James Robinson became the next governor of Kentucky.

Images

Linn Boyd

Linn Boyd

Boyd represented western Kentucky for seven terms while in the U.S. Congress. He became a prominent figure in Washington as a result of his efforts for the Compromise of 1850. Boyd County is named for Linn Boyd. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. View File Details Page

Honorable Linn Boyd

Honorable Linn Boyd

When Boyd died in 1859 he was widely remembered for his public service in a number of speeches. Courtesy of the Kentucky Historical Society. View File Details Page

Henry Clay

Henry Clay

Although Boyd was active in the Compromise of 1850, Clay received the majority of the credit. Clay served as a senator, Speaker of the House, Secretary of State under John Quincy Adams, and ran for president three times and lost each time, most notably to Andrew Jackson. Clay died in 1852 and is buried in the Lexington Cemetery in Lexington, Kentucky. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. View File Details Page

Beriah Magoffin

Beriah Magoffin

Magoffin was governor of Kentucky from 1859-1862. Adamant on Kentucky™s stance of neutrality, Magoffin refused to aid either the Union or the Confederacy. Because of his acceptance of slavery and states™ rights, Unionists distrusted him and once they gained more than two-thirds majority in both houses, Magoffin™s vetoes were routinely overridden. Courtesy of the Kentucky Historical Society. View File Details Page

Cite this Page:

Ashlee Chilton, “Linn Boyd Home ,” ExploreKYHistory, accessed March 29, 2017, http://explorekyhistory.ky.gov/items/show/403.
Tour navigation:  Previous | Tour Info | Next

Share this Story