Historical Marker #854 commemorates Washington County, the first county formed in the Commonwealth of Kentucky after it reached statehood. Washington County was established in 1792 from land given by Nelson County.
The Washington County Courthouse, completed in 1816, is the oldest courthouse still in use in Kentucky. A significant county court record is the marriage bond of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, parents of President Abraham Lincoln. The bond is dated June 10, 1806; it was written the day before the marriage in the small community of Beechland on the Little Beech River. The marriage return was signed by Jesse Head, the Methodist preacher who performed the ceremony, and dates the marriage to June 12, 1806.
Residents enjoy the many stories and legends passed down from generation to generation relative to the Lincoln's settlement in Washington County. They also feel fortunate that the relics and artifacts still available from the Lincoln's residence are either maintained by Lincoln Homestead State Park or by families in the area. Springfield remembers the Civil War, too, for both Union and Confederate troops passed through the area on their way to the Battle of Perryville. Springfield men were among them and many wounded were carried back to Springfield. General Don Carlos Buell had his headquarters in town.